Swedish research is wide-ranging and well respected internationally. Swedish researchers are especially prominent in the fields of natural science, medicine and technology.
Most publicly funded research is carried out at universities. Many teachers are involved in both education and research, while also supervising PhD students.
Foreign students enroled as PhD students at their home universities can register for postgraduate courses and seminars in Sweden for a limited period, provided there is an exchange agreement or some other link between the Swedish institution and its foreign counterpart.
Otherwise, admission to doctoral studies is restricted and universities and university colleges may only admit students who have funding for the entire study period. Many departments have no formal admission requirements with regard to Swedish language skills. However, it may be helpful to take some classes in Swedish.
Some 19,000 people are enroled as research students in Sweden. Around 3,800 were granted doctoral or licentiate degrees in 2006. The average PhD student is enrolled in his or her late twenties or early thirties.
Research in Sweden has an international approach, and exchange is seen as an integral part of the system. About 20% of all research students have a non-Swedish background. Research students from other countries are primarily represented in the fields of medicine, the natural sciences and technology.
For more information please see the Handbook for Postgraduate Students.